Crypto-assets should be complete, Consistent, and Coherent.


In recent years, the volume of crypto assets and related products and services has increased rapidly. In addition, their interconnections with regulated financial systems are growing. Policymakers struggle to control the risks posed by this emerging sector. Where many activities are unregulated. We accept that these monetary steadiness dangers may before long become foundational in certain nations.

Regulatory inconsistencies can encourage capital flows. Potentially disrupting the equilibrium in the system.

While a market capitalization of nearly $2.5 trillion speaks to the significant economic value of underlying technological innovations such as blockchain. It can also reflect misinformation in an overvalued asset environment. In this manner, among the primary responses to the presence of the Omicron strain was the offer of a lot of crypto resources.

Dangers to the monetary framework presented by crypto resources

Determining value is not the only problem in the crypto-asset ecosystem:

It is difficult for regulators and companies to identify, monitor, and manage risk. These include, for example, operational and financial integrity risks posed by crypto-asset exchanges and wallets, investor protection, issues of insufficient reserves. And inaccurate disclosures about some stablecoins. In addition, in emerging markets and developing countries. The emergence of crypto assets can accelerate what we have called a “crypto nation”, where these assets replace the local currency and circumvent foreign exchange controls and capital account management measures.

Financial Stability Board

Such risks highlight the need for comprehensive international standards that more fully address the risks to the financial system posed by crypto-assets, their associated ecosystems. What’s more, exchanges while giving an empowering climate to valuable crypto-resource items and applications.
As part of its stewardship role. The Financial Stability Board should develop a framework that includes standards for the regulation of crypto assets. Its aim should be to provide a comprehensive and consistent approach to financial stability and market behavior risk management that can be applied consistently across jurisdictions while minimizing opportunities for regulatory arbitrage or relocation to jurisdictions with less stringent requirements.

The intersectoral and cross-border nature of the scope of crypto assets limits the effectiveness of national approaches. Countries have very different strategies. And existing laws and regulations may not allow for national approaches that cover all elements of these assets. It is important to note that many crypto-asset service providers operate in different countries, and this complicates the task of oversight and enforcement. Regulatory inconsistencies can encourage capital flows, potentially disrupting the equilibrium in the system.

Standards-setting Organizations

The standards-setting organizations responsible for the various products and markets have provided advice at various levels. For example, the Financial Action Task Force has issued recommendations for a risk-based approach to mitigate the financial integrity risks generated by VAs and related service providers. Measures taken by other standard-setting organizations range from general principles for certain types of crypto assets to mitigating the risks of exposed positions of regulated entities and building networks to share information. Despite their usefulness, these measures are not sufficiently focused on creating a global framework for risk management for financial integrity.

Ensuring global regulation

The worldwide administrative structure ought to guarantee a level battleground across the range of exercises and dangers. We believe that it, for example, should include the following three elements.

  • Crypto asset service providers that perform critical functions must obtain licenses and permits. They will apply, among other things, to the custody, transfer, settlement, and custody of reserves and assets, similar to the current rules for financial service providers. The criteria for issuing licenses and permits should be clearly articulated, the responsible authorities clearly identified, and the coordination mechanisms between them clearly defined.
  • The requirements should be tailored to the main use cases for crypto-assets and stablecoins. For example, requirements for investment services and products should be identical to those for securities brokers and dealers overseen by a securities regulator. Payment requirements services and products should be identical to the requirements for bank deposits supervised by the central bank or the payments supervisory agency. Regardless of which agency initially approves services and products, all regulators. From the central bank to securities and banking regulators. Need to work in concert to address the various risks associated with diverse and volatile use cases.
  • The authorities should make clear requirements for regulated financial institutions regarding their open positions and transactions in crypto assets. For example, relevant regulators of banking, securities, insurance companies. And pension funds should provide for capital and liquidity requirements and limits on open positions for various types of these assets. As well as require investor qualifications and risk assessments. Where regulated entities provide custodial services, the requirements should be clarified to address the risks associated with these functions.

Crypto nation

Some emerging markets and developing countries face more immediate and acute risks of replacing currencies with crypto-assets – the so-called crypto nation. Given the threat of the crypto nation, it is necessary to improve measures for managing capital flows. This is because the application of existing regulatory instruments to manage capital flows can be difficult when value is transferred through new instruments. New channels, and new service providers that are not regulated entities.

International collaboration and cooperation are essential to overcome technological, legal, regulatory, and oversight challenges. Implementing a comprehensive, consistent and coherent approach to regulating crypto assets is an extremely difficult task. However, if we start implementing it now. We can achieve the goal of maintaining financial stability while benefiting from the benefits of the underlying technological innovations.

Crypto assets may fundamentally change the international monetary and financial system. The IMF has a strategy in place to continue fulfilling its mandate in the digital age. The Fund will work closely with the Financial Stability Board and other members of the international regulatory community to develop an effective approach to regulating crypto assets.

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